Communication and Language in the Early Years is developed through planned, purposeful play and through a mix of adult-led and child-initiated activity. Play is essential for children’s development, building their confidence as they learn to explore, to think about problems, and relate to others.
The Early Years Foundation Stage has three strands within it that focus on Communication and Language:
- Listening and attention
The National Curriculum for English aims to ensure that all pupils in:
- read easily, fluently and with good understanding
- develop the habit of reading widely and often, for both pleasure and information
- acquire a wide vocabulary, an understanding of grammar and knowledge of linguistic conventions for reading, writing and spoken language
- appreciate our rich and varied literary heritage
- write clearly, accurately and coherently, adapting their language and style in and for a range of contexts, purposes and audiences
- use discussion in order to learn; they should be able to elaborate and explain clearly their understanding and ideas
- are competent in the arts of speaking and listening, making formal presentations, demonstrating to others and participating in debate.
Spoken language underpins the development of reading and writing.
- Develop a capacity to explain their understanding of books and other reading, and to prepare their ideas before they write.
- Develop a capacity to make their thinking clear to themselves as well as to others
- Develop an understanding of and use the conventions for discussion and debate.
- Participate in and gain knowledge, skills and understanding associated with the artistic practice of drama.
- Adopt, create and sustain a range of roles, responding appropriately to others in role.
- Have opportunities to improvise, devise and script drama for one another and a range of audiences, as well as to rehearse, refine, share and respond thoughtfully to drama and theatre performances.
The programmes of study for reading at key stages 1 and 2 consist of two dimensions:
- word reading
- comprehension (both listening and reading).
The programmes of study for writing at key stages 1 and 2 are constructed similarly to those for reading:
- transcription (spelling and handwriting)
- composition (articulating ideas and structuring them in speech and writing)